At the end of May 2023, students of the Master's program International Business Studies accompanied by Dr. Bernd Wollmann and Prof. (FH) PD Dr. Christoph Hauser visited the Portuguese island of Madeira to explore its nature, history and local businesses.
LGBTQIA+: The Q+ You-Project
The page was researched and published from June 2021 to November 2021.
What is Q+ You?
The project Q+ You is a business project organized by students at the FH Kufstein Tirol. The project aims to create visibility and awareness of the LGBTQIA+ community, to offer the members of the community a platform and a safe space, and to build a sense of community in Kufstein and Tirol.
Q+ You 2020
Q+ You was launched in 2020 by students of the international degree program Sports, Culture & Event Management. An exhibition at the FH Kufstein Tirol and a pride celebration were planned but unfortunately, both events had to be postponed due to the Covid-19 pandemic.
Q+ You 2021
Six students have decided to continue Q+ You in 2021. The previous year's exhibition was continued and expanded. The photo gallery continued on the glass bridge between the shopping centers Kufstein Galerien and Inntalcenter in Kufstein. The public exhibition took place from June 1st to 30th, 2021, during the so-called Pride Month.
This exhibition was designed jointly by people from all facets of the LGBTQIA+ community. Short audio statements that can be called up via QR code underline the portrait of the respective person. This personal insight helps to broaden the awareness of the viewer.
On June 1st, 2021 at 5 pm the exhibition was opened with a kick-off event in the Kufstein Galerien. The importance, developments and challenges of the topic in Tyrol and beyond were discussed in a talk with members of the community. Guests included activist Ronja Ziesel, chairman of the HOSI Tirol Markus Möller, as well as the retro drag queen Betty Pearl and friends.
The project and the exhibition were made possible by the main sponsor ÖH FH Kufstein and Sparkasse Kufstein. To reach more people in Tyrol, the exhibition does continue in Innsbruck. From the 1st until the 30th of November, 2021 the testimonials are shown at Café Bar Moustache, Kater Noster, and the club bouse of HOSI Tyrol.
On the Instagram account q_plus_you, all ideas and news of the team can be followed and at the same time, your knowledge on the subject of LGBTQIA + can be expanded.
Impressions from the Q+You exhibition
The logo subject of the Q+You project
The exhibition area of the Q+You project in Kufstein
Pictures of the exhibition Q+You
The exhibition presents members of the LGBTQIA+ community via images and audio to tell their personal stories.
Interview with an LGBTQIA+ community testimonial at the opening of the exhibition.
Accompanying the exhibition, Kufstein installs the first rainbow crosswalk in the city center.
GENDER, SEXUALITY AND SEXUAL ORIENTATION
Every person has a sex, gender, gender identity and expression, and a sexual orientation.
It is important to differentiate between sex and gender. Sex refers to one’s biological and physical characteristics, such as external and internal anatomy, chromosomes, and hormones. Gender on the other hand describes attributes, roles, and behavior, that are constructed by society.
The Term Preferred Gender Pronoun (PGP) describes the pronoun(s) a person would like others to use when they are talking about that person. Gender-neutral pronouns are I, You, It, and They while She/Her and He/Him are gendered pronouns.
describes the individual and internal experience of one's gender. If the gender identity of a person corresponds with the sex they were assigned to at birth, they are cisgender, if it does not correspond with their assigned sex, they are described as transgender. Most people identify as male or female, yet other identities are non-binary, agender, genderqueer or gender fluid.
describes the way someone appears to others and communicates their gender identity through body characteristics, behavior, clothing, voice. This may or may not fit into the socially defined boxes of masculine or feminine including their (stereo) ‘typical’ characteristics and behavior.
- Video: Toilets, bowties, gender and me | Audrey Mason-Hyde | TEDxAdelaide
Sexual orientation describes the physical, romantic, and/or emotional attraction to other people.
Thereby the other person one is attracted to can be of the same gender, a different gender, or more than one gender. Sexual orientations are heterosexuality, homosexuality (lesbian/gay) and bisexuality.
LGBTQIA+ - KNOWLEDGE ABOUT THE DIFFERENT TERMS
The LGBTQIA+ (Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer, Intersex, Asexual, + further) Community defines a community of queer people. Every person who is not cisgender and heterosexual, so does not correspond with the ‘social norm’, can be seen as a part of the LGBTQIA+ Community.
Besides individuals, the Community also involves Pride Organizations, Associations, and Projects. Pride hereby is used to describe the strength and collective identity, that unites all the members of the LGBTQIA+ Community. Creating a large community gives the power to fight for rights and more acceptance for members of the community.
To celebrate the community and the achievements so far, to create awareness, and to fight for the rights, parades are held every year around the world in the Pride month of June.
- Video: The history of Pride | mashable
- Video: Find out more about why the LGBTQIA+ Community is also called the Rainbow Community and why there are different flags and what they all mean.
L – Lesbian:
Women who are physically, romantically, and/or emotionally attracted to women.
G – Gay:
Men who are physically, romantically, and/or emotionally attracted to men. Gay is often used as an umbrella term to describe same-sex attraction in general, no matter if it refers to men or women.
B – Bisexual:
A person who is physically, romantically, and/or emotionally attracted to more than one gender.
It is important to mention, that bisexuality does not only refer to men and women, but the attraction can be towards the same gender or multiple other gender identities. And no, bisexuality is not just a ‘transitioning’ phase from straight to gay or the other way around. Also, Bisexuality can have different forms of attraction towards different gender identities - not all attractions need to be sexual to identify as bisexual.
T – Transgender:
An umbrella term for people who do not identify with and/or express the gender they were assigned to at birth.
Not everyone who is gender-nonconforming describes themselves as transgender. In society and media, transgender people are usually men who were assigned a woman at birth (FTM) or women who were assigned a man at birth (MTF). Technically seen, transgender also includes all people who identify as neither male nor female, such as non-binary people.
A person can transition socially, psychologically, and/or medically. This transition is a very individual process and can differ from person to person.
- Video: Things Not To Say To A Trans Person | BBC three
- Article: How you can support transsexual people | Healthline
Q – Queer:
Umbrella term for all sexual orientations and gender identities.
Queer is a term that is used to describe a sexual orientation that is not only heterosexual. At the same time, the term genderqueer is used to describe a gender identity and/or expression, that is not cisgender. Overall, the word queer is an umbrella term, which is used to describe a sexual orientation and/or gender identity that does not correspond to the ‘social norm’.
I - Intersex:
A person who is born with variations of male and female biological sexual characteristics. This variation describes characteristics that are not traditionally associated with male or female bodies. For this reason, intersex people are often operated on right after their birth to make them ‘fit’ one or the other gender, which is highly controversial.
Intersex is a term to describe certain physical characteristics, which leads to the conclusion, that intersex people have a sexual orientation and a gender identity/expression.
- Video: US: Doctors Still Do Harmful Surgeries on Intersex Kids | Human Rights Watch, interact
- Video: Bodies beyond sex - what being intersex taught me about the world | Ronja Ziesel | TEDxInnsbruck
- Article: Understanding people with intersex variations | kidshelpline
A – Asexual:
A person who has little or no sexual feelings or desires towards others.
People who identify as asexual can still be romantically attracted to another person. They should not be confused with aromantic people, who experience little or no romantic attraction.
+ - further
The ‘+’ describes further gender identities and sexual orientations which are not represented in the previous letters. Some of them are the following:
- Cross Dresser: A person who is wearing clothes that are associated with to opposite sex out of fun, pleasure, and/or comfort. This form of gender expression used to be called transvestite, which is considered offensive nowadays.
- Drag (Drag Queen or Drag King): A person, who dresses and acts theatrically and performs as a singer, a comedian, and/or other for entertainment. Drag does not indicate a person's sexuality, sexual identity, or gender identity. A Drag Queen is a person who performs ‘femininity’ in an exaggerated form. A Drag King is a person who performs ‘masculinity’ in an exaggerated form.
- Gender Fluid: A person whose gender identity can change over time. One can identify as neither or both male and female. This flow between male and female genders can change quickly or sometimes last over months or years. A change of the gender identity does not necessarily mean, that one's gender expression also changes.
- Pansexual: People who are physically, romantically, and/or emotionally attracted to a person despite their gender identity and/or gender expression.
- Third Gender: A person, who identifies with a third gender, outside of the western binary system of female and male. Several societies recognize more than two genders, such as the Two-Spirit people among Native American/Canadian First Nation people, the hijra in India, or kathoeys in Thailand. They have distinct gender, spiritual and social roles in their tribes.
An ally is a person (heterosexual and cisgender) who supports LGBTQIA+ rights, gender equality and movements challenging homophobia, biphobia and transphobia.
The videos differ on the german and the english website – so if you want to learn more and speak both languages, check out the other page too.
All over the world, it is hard to find data on how many people are part of the LGBTQIA+ Community. It is expected that the numbers are often way higher than estimated. Nonetheless, the rights in the different countries can be compared. As an example here are the rights in Austria:
- Same-sex marriage is allowed since 2019 and full-joint adoption since 2015.
- Since 2018 intersex people are allowed to change their gender in the birth certificate to inter, X, other, or leave it plank. The first intersex birth certificate was legally issued in 2020.
- Sex reassignment surgeries are allowed from the age of 18.
- Among the top 25 gay-friendly countries to visit, Austria is number 19
Source and more information : LGBT+ rights in Austria | Expatica
The following Link shows the rights of members of the LGBTQIA+ Community around the world. Here it needs to be mentioned, that these are ‘only’ the official rights, and that discrimination, violence and even murder still occur in some countries even though the rights officially do not allow it.
Due to the lack of rights and/or acceptance a lot of members of the LGBTQIA+ Community suffer from mental health issues. Here some numbers to that from the UK:
- Half of LGBT people (52 per cent) said they’ve experienced depression in the last year.
- Nearly two-thirds of bi women (72 per cent) and just over half of bi men (56 per cent) have experienced anxiety in the last year.
- One in eight LGBT people (13 per cent) have experienced some form of unequal treatment from healthcare staff because they’re LGBT.
- Almost one in four LGBT people (23 per cent) have witnessed discriminatory or negative remarks against LGBT people by healthcare staff.
- One in twenty LGBT people (5 per cent) have been pressured to access services to question or change their sexual orientation when accessing healthcare services. While one in five trans people (20 per cent) have been pressured to access services to suppress their gender identity.
- One in seven LGBT people (14 per cent) have avoided treatment for fear of discrimination because they’re LGBT.
Source (cited from): LGTBQ+ Facts and Figures | Stonewall
More Videos on the Topic
- Video: I've lived as a man & a woman -- here's what I learned | Paula Stone Williams | TEDxMileHigh
- Video: Kids Meet a Gender Non-Conforming Person | Kids Meet | HiHo Kids
- Video: The Dark History Of Gay Conversion Therapy | NowThis World
... to learn about the LGBTQIA+ Community:
- The Death and Life of Marsha P Johnson (One of the first LGBTQIA+ Activists)
- Disclosure (Transsexuality in Hollywood)
- Pray Away (Conversion Therapy)
- Pose (Ballroom Culture in New York, HIV/Aids Crisis)
- Sex Education (Authentic Representation of LGBTQIA+ Characters)
LGBTQIA+ in Tyrol
PORTRAITS OF THE LGBTQIA+ COMMUNITY
To get an insight into the exhibition and thus the personal stories of the LGBTQIA + community, you can find individual audios from the Q + You gallery here.
More audios (in german) can be found on the German website.